Title

Glycerol Uptake by Erythrocytes from Warm- and Cold-Acclimated Cope’s Gray Treefrogs

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-2010

Publication Source

Journal of Comparative Physiology B

Abstract

Cope’s gray treefrogs, Hyla chrysoscelis, accumulate glycerol during the period of cold acclimation that leads to the development of freeze tolerance. Glycerol must cross cell membranes in numerous processes during this time, including exit from hepatocytes where glycerol is synthesized and entry into other tissues, where glycerol is cryoprotective. Thus, we hypothesized that erythrocytes fromH. chrysoscelis would be permeable to glycerol and that that permeability would be up-regulated during cold acclimation. Further, we hypothesized that glycerol permeability would be associated with the expression of aquaporins, particularly those from the glyceroporin sub-family. Erythrocytes from warm-acclimated treefrogs had high glycerol permeability at 20°C, as assessed by the time required for osmotic lysis following suspension in 0.2 M glycerol. That osmotic lysis, as well as uptake of radio-labeled glycerol, was inhibited by 0.3 mM HgCl3. Permeability assessed via osmotic lysis was markedly reduced at 5°C. These properties were similar in animals deriving from northern (Ohio) and southern (Alabama) populations, although suggestive (through statistical interactions) of greater glycerol permeability in northern animals. Erythrocytes expressed mRNA and protein for a previously described glyceroporin, HC-3. In cold-acclimated animals, HC-3 protein expression was up-regulated, but we could not detect a concomitant enhancement of glycerol permeability.

Inclusive pages

1257-1265

ISBN/ISSN

0174-1578

Comments

Permission documentation is on file.

Publisher

Springer

Volume

180

Issue

8

Peer Reviewed

yes