Phloem Unloading in Developing Leaves of Sugar Beet II. Termination of Phloem Unloading

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Source

Plant Physiology


Phloem unloading in developing leaves of Beta vulgaris L. (`Klein E' multigerm) occurred from successively higher order branches of veins as leaves matured. Phloem unloading was studied in autoradiographs of leaf samples taken at various times during the arrival of a pulse of 14C-labeled photoassimilate. Extension of mass flow of sieve element contents into leaf vein branches was determined from the high level of radiolabel in veins soon after first arrival of the pulse. Rapid entry, indicative of mass flow through open sieve pores, occurred down to the fourth division of veins in young, importing leaves and to the fifth or terminal branch in importing regions near the zone of transition from sink to source. The rate of unloading Dec.reased with leaf age, as evidenced by the increased time required for the vein-mesophyll demarcation to become obscured. The rate of import per unit leaf area, measured by steady state labeling with14CO2 also Dec.reased as a leaf matured. The Dec.line in import appeared to result from progressive changes that increased resistance to unloading of sieve elements and eventually terminated phloem unloading.

Inclusive pages





American Society of Plant Biologists



Peer Reviewed