Title

Failure Mechanisms Governing Reinforcement Length of Geogrid Reinforced Soil Retaining Walls

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

9-2009

Publication Source

Engineering Structures

Abstract

Current design practice of reinforced soil retaining walls is based on the limit equilibrium approach. The walls are designed for both external and internal stability criteria. Design reinforcement length should be such that minimum required safety factors are fulfilled for all failure modes. Most agencies require minimum reinforcement length equal to 70 percent of wall height. However, it is not always possible to have enough space behind a wall to accommodate these required reinforcement lengths due to an existing natural rock formation, man-made shoring system, or the presence of another reinforced soil retaining wall. This study was performed to investigate governing failure mode in determining the required minimum reinforcement length and also to investigate the possibility of shortening the specified minimum reinforcement lengths. Effect of different parameters involved in the design of reinforced soil retaining walls on the required minimum reinforcement length and the governing failure mode were studied. Parameters considered included wall height, surcharge, reinforcement vertical spacing, reinforced soil properties, backfill/retained soil properties, and foundation soil properties. Results indicated that both external and internal failure modes can be governing criteria in determining the required minimum reinforcement length depending on the parameters involved for a specific wall. In addition, it may be possible to use reinforcement lengths as low as almost 50 percent of the wall height, instead of 70 percent as required by many agencies around the world. This paper presents the results of parametric studies conducted, including the effect of different parameters on the required minimum reinforcement length and the governing failure criteria.

Inclusive pages

1967–1975

ISBN/ISSN

0141-0296

Comments

Permission documentation is on file.

Publisher

Elsevier

Volume

31

Issue

9

Peer Reviewed

yes