Title

Quantitative Estimates of Steric Effects. Intramolecular Strain Energy Effects on the Stability and Dissociation Rate Constant of Polythia Ether Macrocycle Complexes of Copper(II)

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1984

Publication Source

Inorganic Chemistry

Abstract

Intramolecular strain energies for a homologous series of copper(I1) polythia ether macrocycle complexes have been calculated and compared with experimentally determined stability constants, dissociation rates, and free energies of formation. For the complexes with the tetrathia macrocycles 1,4,7,10-tetrathiacyclododecane ([ 121-ane-S4), 1,4,7,10-tetrathiacyclotridecane ([ 1 31-ane-S4), 1,4,8,1l-tetrathiacyclotetradecane ([ 14]-ane-S4), 1,4,8,12-tetrathiacyclopentadecane ([ 151-ane-S,), and 1,5,9,13-tetrathiacyclohexadecane ([ 1 61-ane-S4), stability constants and dissociation rate constants decrease with increasing intramolecular strain. The free energy of formation within this series is inversely proportional to intramolecular strain, yielding a “strain-free” free energy of formation of -8.65 (0.66) kcal mol-’ for tetrathia ether macrocycle complexes of copper(I1). The anomalous behavior of the pentathia ether ligand 1,4,7,10,13-pentathiacyclopentadecane ([ 1 5]-ane-S5) is ascribed to entropic terms. The observed agreement with experimentally determined parameters indicates that, while there is no evidence for systematic variations in intramolecular strain with the number of atoms or interactions in a chosen force field model, molecular-mechanics techniques are readily adapted to systems with a variety of nuclei.

Inclusive pages

1591–1595

ISBN/ISSN

0020-1669

Comments

The authors gratefully acknowledge support from the ARCO Foundation for fellowship support of David W. Johnson and from the IIT Academic Computing Center for generous computational support. Professor David Rorabacher joined the authors in numerous discussions and provided them with structural data prior to publication.

Publisher

American Chemical Society

Volume

23

Issue

11

Peer Reviewed

yes