Catalyst Poisoning by Amorphous Carbon during Carbon Nanotube Growth: Fact or Fiction?
The influence of amorphous carbon on FePt catalyst particles under chemical vapor deposition conditions typically applied for CNT growth is examined through two routes. In the first, FePt catalyst particles supported on alumina are exposed to a well-established cyclohexane thermal CVD reaction at various temperatures. At higher temperatures where self-pyrolysis leads to copious amorphous carbon and carbon tar formation, carbon nanotubes are still able to form. In the second route, an amorphous carbon film is first deposited over the catalyst particles prior to the CVD reaction. Even for reactions where further amorphous carbon is deposited due to self-pyrolysis, graphitization is still demonstrated. Our findings reveal that the presence of amorphous carbon does not prevent catalytic hydrocarbon decomposition and graphitization processes. We also show an additional catalytic reaction to be present, catalytic hydrogenation, a process in which carbon in contact with the catalyst surface reacts with H2 to form CH4.
Copyright © 2011, American Chemical Society
American Chemical Society
Schünemann, Christoph; Schäffel, Franziska; Bachmatiuk, Alicja; Queitsch, Ute; Sparing, Maria; Rellinghaus, Bernd; Lafdi, Khalid; Schultz, Ludwig; Büchner, Bernd; and Rümmeli, Mark H., "Catalyst Poisoning by Amorphous Carbon during Carbon Nanotube Growth: Fact or Fiction?" (2011). Chemical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications. 70.