Journal of Women's Health Physical Therapy
Objectives: To quantify and determine the effects of Pilates on core endurance, hamstring flexibility, balance, body composition/mass and perceived stress level in healthy college age females.
Study Design: Randomized controlled trial design.
Background: Emerging research on the Pilates technique is inconclusive regarding benefits to core endurance, flexibility, balance, body mass, and perceived stress.
Methods and Measures: Female college students (n=57; 18-35 years old) were randomly assigned to a Pilates group, who exercised at home with a DVD, or a control group who did not engage in Pilates practice. Core endurance, hamstring flexibility, balance, body composition and stress measurements were taken at baseline and at 10 weeks.
Results: There was a statistically significant difference between groups for multidirectional standing reach test results, specifically reaching to the right and right hamstring flexibility.
Conclusion: Pilates practice resulted in gains in balance and hamstring flexibility among college-aged females. Limitations in this study including the unknown level of activity of the control group warrant further investigation. Additional research is needed to determine if Pilates has a significant effect on core endurance, body composition and perceived stress level.
Copyright © 2015, Section on Women’s Health, American Physical Therapy Association.
American Physical Therapy Association, Section on Women's Health
women, exercise, stress, fitness
Donahoe-Fillmore, Betsy; Fisher, Mary Insana; and Brahler, C. Jayne, "The Effects of Home-based Pilates in Healthy College-Age Females" (2015). Physical Therapy Faculty Publications. 24.
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