Spatial fixed pattern noise is a common and major problem in modern infrared imagers due to the nonuniform response of the photodiodes in the focal plane array of the imaging system. In addition, the nonuniform response of the readout and the digitization electronics, involved in multiplexing the signals from the photodiodes, causes further nonuniformity. In this paper, we describe a novel scene based nonuniformity correction algorithm that treats the aggregate nonuniformity in separate stages. Firstly, the nonuniformity from the readout amplifiers is corrected using knowledge of the readout architecture of the imaging system. In the second stage, the nonuniformity resulting from the individual detectors is corrected using a nonlinear filter-based method. The performance of the proposed algorithm is demonstrated by applying it to simulated imagery and real infrared data. Quantitative results in terms of mean absolute error and signal to noise ratio are also presented to demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed algorithm. One advantage of the proposed algorithm is that it requires only few frames to obtain high quality corrections.
Copyright © 2005, Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Narayanan, Balaji; Hardie, Russell C.; and Muse, Robert A., "Scene-Based Nonuniformity Correction Technique for Focal-Plane Arrays Using Readout Architecture" (2005). Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications. 15.