Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2011

Publication Source

Sage Handbook of Educational Leadership: Advances in Theory, Research, and Practice

Abstract

The purposes of this chapter are to detail the development of the office of school superintendent, to examine issues of gender and race, to identify contemporary issues affecting practice, and to identify future research topics. The first two sections provide historical perspectives summarizing how the position has evolved over the past 150 years at three different levels-state, intermediate district, and local district. A discussion of the position's history produces five role conceptualizations; having evolved over the past 150 years, these characterizations provide a mosaic of contemporary expectations. Next, considerable attention is given to the causes and implications of race and gender underrepresentation, and research on this topic is summarized. Contemporary challenges to practice are then presented in relation to education finance, school reform, social contexts of schooling, and school board relationships. Last, suggestions for conducting research on the normative and actual roles, underrepresentation, and contemporary challenges are provided.

Inclusive pages

142-167

ISBN/ISSN

9781412980029

Document Version

Published Version

Comments

Chapter included in repository with the permission of Sage Publishing. Material is not to be used for commercial MOOCs or any other commercial purposes without permission. Please contact Sage for any further usage or questions.

Permission documentation is on file.

Publisher

Sage Publishing

Place of Publication

Thousand Oaks, CA

Edition

2

Peer Reviewed

yes