Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2007

Publication Source

Military Medicine

Abstract

Recent research findings combined with the theoretical laws of biological similarity make the compelling case that all physical fitness test items for the Army, Air Force, and Navy impose a 15-20% physiologic bias against heavier, not fatter, men and women. Using the published findings that actual scores of muscle and aerobic endurance scale by body mass raised to the 1/3 power, correction factor tables were developed. This correction factor can be multiplied by one’s actual score (e.g., push-ups, sit-ups, abdominal crunches, or curl-ups repetitions or distance run time) to yield adjusted scores that are free of body mass bias. These adjusted scores eliminate this bias, become better overall indicators of physical fitness relevant to military tasks, are easily applied to the scoring tables used in the present physical fitness tests, and do not reward body fatness. Use of these correction factors should be explored by all military services to contribute to more relevant fitness tests.

Inclusive pages

738-742

ISBN/ISSN

0026-4075

Document Version

Postprint

Comments

This is the author's accepted manuscript of an article of the same title that appeared in Military Medicine. The version of record may contain minor differences that have come about in the copy editing and layout processes. Any information used from this article or from the version of record must be properly attributed. To view the published version, go online or to an academic library.

Permission documentation is on file.

Publisher

AMSUS: Society of the Federal Health Professionals

Volume

172

Issue

7

Peer Reviewed

yes

Link to published version

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