Photovoltaic Module Assembly as Appropriate Technology in Pakistan

Document Type

Conference Paper

Publication Date


Publication Source

Proceedings of the ASME 4th International Conference on Energy Sustainability


This paper describes photovoltaic module assembly as appropriate technology in Pakistan. The paper begins by describing a three-week workshop in July 2009, in which a group of twenty unemployed people in Karachi, Pakistan were successfully trained in photovoltaic module assembly. Module components and assembly techniques are summarized. Factors pertinent to sustaining the project as a viable business enterprise, including the beneficial social externalities are discussed and analyzed.

System designs for use in both urban and off-grid rural settings are proposed and energy outputs from the systems are simulated. In summary, the paper presents a thorough case study for expanding the utilization of photovoltaic technology in developing nations.

Inclusive pages





American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Place of Publication

Phoenix, AZ