Title

Singularity Free Revolute-Prismatic-Revolute and Spherical-Prismatic-Spherical Chains for Actuating Planar and Spherical Single Degree of Freedom Mechanisms

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-2012

Publication Source

Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

Abstract

Given a single degree of freedom mechanism, a moving reference frame attached to any link has a motion that can be described with a single parameter. A point relative to this moving frame is sought such that it either continually increases or decreases in distance from a point in the fixed frame over the entire motion. These points can be used to define a revolute–prismatic–revolute (RPR) chain for a planar mechanism or a spherical–prismatic–spherical (SPS) chain for a spherical mechanism capable of actuating the device over its entire range of motion. Moreover, the singularities relative to the joints in the original mechanism are not a concern and the dimensional synthesis can focus on creating the set of circuit-defect free solutions. From this analysis, a unique fixed point is determined in the planar case relative to two positions and their velocities with the following characteristic. All points in the moving reference frame that are moving away from it in the first position are approaching it in the second position, and vice versa. This point is as critical to the identification of singularity-free driving chains as the centrodes or the poles.

Inclusive pages

011007-1 to 011007-6

ISBN/ISSN

1942-4302

Comments

Permission documentation is on file.

Publisher

American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Volume

4

Issue

1

Peer Reviewed

yes