Title

Synthesis of Planar Rigid-Body Mechanisms Approximating Shape Changes Defined by Closed Curves

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-2009

Publication Source

Journal of Mechanical Design

Abstract

This paper presents a procedure to synthesize planar linkages, composed of rigid links and revolute joints, that are capable of approximating a shape change defined by a set of closed curves possessing similar arc lengths. The synthesis approach is more rigorous and more broadly applicable to dramatic changes between larger numbers of shapes than existing techniques that employ graphical methods. It specifically addresses the challenges of approximating closed curves, but the methodology is equally applicable to open curves. Link geometry is determined through an existing procedure, and those links are then joined together in a chain using numerical optimization to minimize the error in approximating the shape change. Binary links are added to this chain via a search of the design space, forming a single-degree-of-freedom mechanism in which an actuated link can be driven monotonically to exact the shape change. The procedure is applied to synthesize an example mechanism that changes between circular, elliptical, and teardrop shapes as inspired by an aerodynamic flow field modification application.

Inclusive pages

071006-1 to 071006-7

ISBN/ISSN

1050-0472

Comments

Permission documentation is on file.

Publisher

American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Volume

131

Issue

7

Peer Reviewed

yes