Title

Boundary Conditions for an Evaporating Thin Film for Isothermal Interfacial Conditions

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-1993

Publication Source

Journal of Heat Transfer

Abstract

Evaporation in a heat pipe occurs at a liquid-vapor interface within the micropores of the heat pipe wick. For nearly completely wetting liquids, as used in all heat pipes, the liquid-vapor interface will extend beyond the meniscus due to the adsorption of fluid molecules to the solid structure of the wick. Thus, the liquid-vapor interface within the micropores can be divided into three distinct regions as shown in Fig. 1: the meniscus region controlled by the interfacial curvature (deGennes, 1985); the thin film region controlled by both the disjoining pressure (caused by the long-range molecular interactions) and the interfacial curvature; and the adsorbed film region controlled by the short range molecular forces (Israelachvili, 1989). Current practive in the design of heat pipes overlooks the presence of the thin film and the adsorbed film. Therefore, the goal of this study is to investigate the role of the thin film in heat pipes, and to deal uniquely with the boundary conditions in the region near the adsorbed film and in the meniscus region.

Inclusive pages

816-819

ISBN/ISSN

0022-1481

Comments

Permission documentation is on file.

Publisher

American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Volume

115

Issue

3

Peer Reviewed

yes