Physical Review A
We demonstrate the possibility of energy-selective removal of cold atoms from a tight optical trap by means of parametric excitation of the trap vibrational modes. Taking advantage of the anharmonicity of the trap potential, we either selectively remove the most energetic trapped atoms or excite those at the bottom of the trap by tuning the parametric modulation frequency. This process, which had been previously identified as a possible source of heating, also appears to be a robust way for forcing evaporative cooling in anharmonic traps.
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American Physical Society
Poli, Nicola; Brecha, Robert J.; Roati, Giacomo; and Modugno, Giovanni, "Cooling Atoms in an Optical Trap by Selective Parametric Excitation" (2002). Physics Faculty Publications. 6.