Document Type

Encyclopedia Entry

Publication Date

2008

Publication Source

Encyclopedia of Social Problems

Abstract

Urban decline refers to a process that includes population loss and the concentration in cities of major social, economic, and environmental problems, such as high levels of unemployment and poverty and the deterioration of housing and public infrastructure. Sometimes used interchangeably with the terms urban decay and urban distress, urban decline is frequently measured by changes in population (particularly in relation to middle- and upper‐income residents), unemployment, and poverty rates; changes in median household income; and changes in property values, housing tenure, and vacancy rates.

Inclusive pages

977-978

ISBN/ISSN

9781412941655

Document Version

Published Version

Comments

This document is made available for download in compliance with the publisher policy on self-archiving. Permission documentation is on file. To inquire about the encyclopedia, see its entry on the publisher's website.

Original citation: Encyclopedia of Social Problems, Vincent Parillo, ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publishing (2008).

Publisher

Sage Publishing

Volume

2

Place of Publication

Thousand Oaks, CA

Peer Reviewed

yes