Effect of environmental factors on whole plant assimilate partitioning and associated gene expression

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Journal of Experimental Botany


Partitioning of assimilated carbon among sink organs is a critical factor that controls the rate and pattern of plant growth. Time-course measurements of plant and organ growth rates are useful for determining how regulation of carbon partitioning controls plantgrowth. Measuring growth rates over a 24 h period reveals the current pattern of carbon partitioning that can be used to predict growth ratesof specific sinks. Comparison of growth rates among sinks under defined conditions can point out key factors that regulate partitioning ofrecently assimilated carbon among sinks. Internal control of carbonpartitioning by developmental programmes regulates the timing andsite of carbon distribution among developing parts, thereby establishing the adaptive traits of a species, cultivar or transgenic construct. Regulation of partitioning in response to environmental factorsestablishes or restores allometric growth among plant parts andfunctional balance between the supply and use of carbon.Environmental stress often restricts resource availability while successful acclimation sets in motion processes that restore the supply. A key mechanism contributing to regulation of carbon partitioning is anexpression of genes that control activity of the enzymes which initiate sucrose metabolism at specific sites and stages of ontogeny.

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This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Experimental Botany following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Geiger DR., Koch KE., Shieh WJ. Effect of environmental factors on whole plant assimilate partitioning and associated gene expression. J. Exp. Bot. (1996) 47 (Special Issue): 1229-1238 is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1093/jxb/47.Special_Issue.1229


Oxford University Press



Peer Reviewed



Carbon partitioning, regulation, development, stress, nutrition, gene expression

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