To understand the progression of Alzheimer's disease, studies often rely on ectopic expression of amyloid-beta 42 (Aβ42) throughout an entire tissue. Uniform ectopic expression of Aβ42 may obscure cell-cell interactions that contribute to the progression of the disease. We developed a two-clone system to study the signaling cross talk between GFP-labeled clones of Aβ42-expressing neurons and wild-type neurons simultaneously generated from the same progenitor cell by a single recombination event. Surprisingly, wild-type clones are reduced in size as compared with Aβ42-producing clones. We found that wild-type cells are eliminated by the induction of cell death. Furthermore, aberrant activation of c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling in Aβ42-expressing neurons sensitizes neighboring wild-type cells to undergo progressive neurodegeneration. Blocking JNK signaling in Aβ42-producing clones restores the size of wild-type clones.
Cell Biology, Molecular Biology, Neuroscience
Yeates, Catherine J.; Sarkar, Ankita; Deshpande, Prajakta; Kango-Singh, Madhuri; and Singh, Amit, "A Two-Clone Approach to Study Signaling Interactions among Neuronal Cells in a Pre-clinical Alzheimer’s Disease Model" (2020). Biology Faculty Publications. 277.