The Use of Two Modified Breder Traps to Quantitatively Study Amphidromous Upstream Migration

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Amphidromous stream fauna represent three phyla that have a tropical distribution among oceanic islands, with a few continental representatives. This lifecycle involves marine larval development, with postlarval migration, growth and reproduction as adults occurring in freshwater streams. Many tropical archipelagoes are on the brink of heavy commercial development, threatening freshwater resources in tropical regions. Because of this threat and the isolated nature of tropical islands, quantitative studies are needed to better understand this unique lifecycle. In this paper, we present the use of two modifications of the original Breder trap to study the migration dynamics of tropical amphidromous fish and shrimp postlarvae. The first modification was used in a cemented and channelized stream. The second modification was used in two streams with natural substrates of large, embedded and immovable boulders and basalt outcrops. Quantitative trapping was standardized by time and numbers of traps used, to give results presented as postlarvae trap -1 h -1. The number of traps used in the natural streams was based on channel width at the trapping location (i.e., equal number of traps per meter), thus providing equivalent trapping effort between streams of different sizes and flow magnitude. Both trap designs were useful for quantitative monitoring of postlarvae over several months and years, among different streams, and were equally practical for assessing diel and species-specific migration dynamics. Postlarval recruitment of Hawaiian amphidromous species showed temporal variation between months and years within the same stream, significant differences between two streams of different flow magnitude, and distinct diel patterns in diurnal and nocturnal fish and shrimp migration, respectively. A direct correlation between stream flow and total fish postlarval migration was documented.


Electronic ISSN: 1573-5117; Print ISSN: 0018-8158





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amphidromy, Breder trap, Hawaii, migration, recruitment, tropical