Comparative Bioenergetics of Permanent and Temporary Pond Populations of the Freshwater Clam, Musculium Partumeium (Say)

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The population energetics of a temporary and a permanent pond population of Musculium partumeium in Southwest Ohio were studied. In the permanent pond (surface area = 396 m2, maximum depth = 0.7 m) the population was bivoltine and iteroparous whereas in the temporary pond (surface area = 1042 m2, maximum depth = 0.9 m) the population was usually univoltine and semelparous. Growth and biomass were assessed as total organic carbon and total nitrogen to provide estimates of productivity and seasonal changes in C:N for each generation. Productivity (non-respired assimilation = growth + reproduction; N-R.A. = G + R) was 6939 mgC·m-2·a-1 (3858 and 3353 mgC·m-2·a-1 for each generation) and 1661 mgC·m-2·a-1 for the permanent and temporary pond populations respectively. The average standing crop biomass (B) was 606.8 mgC·m-2 (357.5 and 249.3 mgC·m-2 for each generation) and 231.9 mgC·m-2 with overall productivity: biomass ratios of 11.4 and 7.2 for the permanent pond and temporary pond populations respectively. Respiration rates were converted to carbon equivalents (respired assimilation = R.A.) and used to evaluate the components of total assimilation (T.A. = R.A. + N-R.A.) and the efficiency of partitioning this energy to N-R.A. for G and R. When expressed as a percentage, the production efficiencies (100 × N-R.A.:T.A.) were 50.4 and 62%, and the reproductive efficiencies (100 × R:N-R.A.) were 26.4 and 18% for the permanent and temporary pond populations respectively. The reproductive efficiencies for populations of these viviparous clams are greater than those for most oviparous molluscs. The comparative information on the energetics of these populations does not completely fit any theoretical consideration of reproductive effort or life-history strategy. These data are discussed in relation to selection for population success in temporary ponds.


Electronic ISSN: 1573-5117; Print ISSN: 0018-8158





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clams, fresh water, Life-history tactics, Pisidiidae, population energetics, productivity