Germination of Australian Channel Millet (Echinochloa turnerana (Domin) J.M. Black) Seeds. I. Dormancy in Relation to Light and Water
Functional Plant Biology
Channel millet, a native to inland Australia, is recognized as a promising forage and grain crop for arid regions. In its native habitat germination occurs after the flood plains are inundated. Newly harvested seeds were dormant, but germinated after several months of storage or after disruption of enclosing structures. Intact, after-ripened seeds did not germinate in the dark, but dehulled seeds achieved high percentage germination in the dark. Secondary dormancy was induced by imbibing intact seeds in the dark and was broken by subsequent dry storage or by disruption of enclosing structures. Intact, after-ripened seeds that were subjected to wetting-drying cycles in the light germinated faster during the final wetting than did untreated seeds. High final germination percentage values were attained by both leached and unleached seeds. The light requirement may restrict germination to the rapidly drying surface layers of the soil and consequently restrict germination in its natural habitat to periods of flooding or prolonged rains when the surface soil is kept moist for extended periods.
Conover, Denis G. and Geiger, Donald R., "Germination of Australian Channel Millet (Echinochloa turnerana (Domin) J.M. Black) Seeds. I. Dormancy in Relation to Light and Water" (1984). Biology Faculty Publications. 73.