Photosynthetic Carbon Metabolism and Translocation in Wild-Type and Starch-Deficient Mutant Nicotiana sylvestris L

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Plant Physiology


A high rate of daytime export of assimilated carbon from leaves of a starch-deficient mutant tobacco (Nicotiana sylvestris L.) was found to be a key factor that enabled shoots to grow at rates comparable to those in wild-type plants under a 14-h light period. Much of the newly fixed carbon that would be used for starch synthesis in leaves of wild-type plants was used instead for sucrose synthesis in the mutant. As a result, export doubled and accumulation of sucrose and hexoses increased markedly during the day in leaves of the mutant plants. The increased rate of export to sink leaves appeared to be responsible for the increase in the proportion of their growth that occurred during the day compared to wild-type plants. Daytime growth of source leaves also increased, presumably as a result of the increased accumulation of recently assimilated soluble carbon in the leaves. Even though starch accumulation did not occur in the leaves of mutant plants, nearly all the sugar that accumulated during the day was exported in the period of Dec.reasing irradiance at the end of the diurnal light period. Changes in carbon allocation that occurred in leaves of wild-type and mutant plants near the end of the light period appeared to result from endogenous diurnal regulation associated with the day-night transition.

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American Society of Plant Biologists



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