Phosphate esters, thiophosphate esters and metal thiophosphates have been used as lubricant additives for over 50 years. While their use has been extensive, a detailed knowledge of how they work has been a much more recent development. In this paper, the use of phosphate esters and thiophosphate esters as anti-wear or extreme pressure additives is reviewed with an emphasis on their mechanism of action. The review includes the use of alkyl phosphates, triaryl phosphates and metal containing thiophosphate esters. The mechanisms of these materials interacting with a range of iron and steel based bearing material are examined.
Copyright © 2013 by the authors and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY).
Johnson, David W. and Hils, John E., "Phosphate Esters, Thiophosphate Esters and Metal Thiophosphates as Lubricant Additives" (2013). Chemistry Faculty Publications. 19.
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