Journal of Molecular Structure: THEOCHEM
The current report presents the first theoretical study of the restricted CN bond rotation in carbamoyl chlorides. Several N-benzyl-N-methylcarbamoyl chlorides were investigated, with varying pattern of substitution in the aromatic ring. Optimizations and frequency calculations were conducted employing DFT at the B3LYP/6-31+G(d) level of theory. Each of the studied structures exhibits a pair of rotamers (s-Z and s-E), generated upon rotation around the C(O)N bond. The s-E isomer is the global minimum in every case, but the preference for it is usually less than 1 kcal/mol. Two possible transition state structures were identified for the rotamer interconversion: TSsyn and TSanti, in close analogy to other related compounds, such as amides and carbamates. In contrast to the two latter types, however, the preferred transition state in the case of carbamoyl chlorides is TSsyn, which we attribute to a stabilizing gauche effect. The optimized minima structures of the studied carbamoyl chlorides were subjected to GIAOB3LYP/6-311+G(2d,p) calculations, and the resultant isotropic shifts were found to be in excellent agreement with available experimental values. This has allowed us to provide unambiguous NMR signal assignments for the s-E and s-Z isomers of the studied compounds.
Copyright © 2008, Elsevier
Horwath, Michael and Benin, Vladimir, "C–N bond rotation and E–Z isomerism in some N-benzyl-N-methylcarbamoyl chlorides: A DFT study" (2008). Chemistry Faculty Publications. 2.
Analytical Chemistry Commons, Biochemical Phenomena, Metabolism, and Nutrition Commons, Chemical and Pharmacologic Phenomena Commons, Environmental Chemistry Commons, Inorganic Chemistry Commons, Materials Chemistry Commons, Medical Biochemistry Commons, Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons, Organic Chemistry Commons, Other Chemistry Commons, Physical Chemistry Commons