VaporPhase Lubrication: Reaction of Phosphate Ester Vapors with Iron and Steel
Chemistry of Materials
Aromatic phosphate esters such as triphenyl phosphate, tricresyl phosphate (TCP), and tri(tert-butylphenyl) phosphate, have been degraded in the presence of pure iron or metal alloys such as M-50 or 52100 steel. Among these volatile degradation products are those generated from the addition of an aromatic ring to the phosphate ester. Other products, which have been identified, include substituted biphenyls and diphenyl ethers derived from the decomposition of the above-mentioned addition product. Still other products are fused ring aromatic compounds such as anthracene, which arise from secondary reactions of the initial decomposition reactions. The decomposition reactions leave a nonvolatile phosphate film on the surface of the metal. Characterization of the film with Auger spectroscopy suggests iron phosphate as the product. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy shows the presence of a bound organic layer at the surface. A mechanism that explains many of the decomposition products and the formation of a bound glassy iron phosphate film is proposed.
American Chemical Society
U.S. Air Force
Johnson, David W.; Morrow, Samantha; Forster, Nelson; and Saba, Costandy S., "VaporPhase Lubrication: Reaction of Phosphate Ester Vapors with Iron and Steel" (2002). Chemistry Faculty Publications. 39.