Document Type

Article

Publication Date

9-1-2021

Publication Source

Applied Optics

Abstract

This paper investigates anisoplanatic numerical wave simulation in the context of lucky look imaging. We demonstrate that numerical wave propagation can produce root mean square (RMS) wavefront distributions and probability of lucky look (PLL) statistics that are consistent with Kolmogorov theory. However, the simulated RMS statistics are sensitive to the sampling parameters used in the propagation window. To address this, we propose and validate a new sample spacing rule based on the point source bandwidth used in the propagation and the level of atmospheric turbulence. We use the tuned simulator to parameterize the wavefront RMS probability density function as a function of turbulence strength. The fully parameterized RMS distribution model is used to provide a way to accurately predict the PLL for a range of turbulence strengths. We also propose and validate a new parametric average lucky look optical transfer function (OTF) model that could be used to aid in image restoration. Our OTF model blends the theoretical diffraction-limited OTF and the average turbulence short exposure OTF. Finally, we show simulated images for several anisoplanatic imaging scenarios that reveal the spatially varying nature of the RMS values impacting local image quality.

Inclusive pages

G19-G29

ISBN/ISSN

1559-128X

Comments

The document available for download is the authors' accepted manuscript, provided in compliance with the publisher's policy on self-archiving. Permission documentation is on file. To view the version of record, use the DOI: https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.427716

Publisher

Optical Society of America

Volume

60

Peer Reviewed

yes

Issue

25

Keywords

University of Dayton Electro-optics and Photonics

Embargoed until Thursday, September 01, 2022


Share

COinS