School Business Affairs
Before the Supreme Court’s monumental decision banning racial segregation in schooling in Brown v. Board of Education (1954), the federal government had little direct involvement in national education policy. Subsequently, the federal government has assumed a major role in setting national education policy.
The federal government’s first post- Brown major legislative enactment, in 1958, was the adoption of the National Defense Education Act (NDEA). Enacted largely in response to the Soviet Union’s launching of Sputnik 1, the NDEA, made federal funds available to education institutions to focus on areas considered critical to national defense, such as mathematics, science, and foreign languages. Even though the NDEA was ultimately consolidated as part of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965—now the No Child left Behind Act— its effect can still be felt.
In light of the far-reaching consequences of federal laws, this column summarizes major statutes affecting education, so that school business officials and other education leaders can have a quick guide to those statutes. This review broadly divides cases involving students and employees. Some of the statutes, such as Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act, affect students as well as employees and visitors. Where appropriate, the column briefly summarizes major Supreme Court cases that interpreted those statutes.
Copyright © 2015, ASBO International
Association of School Business Officials
Place of Publication
Russo, Charles J., "A Primer on Federal Statutes Affecting Education" (2015). Educational Leadership Faculty Publications. 179.
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