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School Business Affairs


In an increasingly litigious society wherein parents and their children file a broad spectrum of claims against school systems, it is essential that education leaders have at a minimum a basic understanding of school law.

Before 1954, the Supreme Court addressed only a handful of cases involving K–12 schools and higher education. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954), perhaps the Supreme Court’s most important education-related decision, ushered in an era of equal educational opportunities and key legislations, such as the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, now the No Child Left Behind Act (2002); Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (2015), which was originally intended to ensure gender equity in intercollegiate sports but has expanded to address sexual harassment and discrimination; and the 1975 Education for All Handicapped Children Act, now the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (2005).

Over the past 15 years, the Supreme Court has reviewed a wide range of difficult and far-reaching disputes related to K–12 education.

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This article originally appeared in the October 2015 School Business Affairs magazine and is reprinted with permission of the Association of School Business Officials International (ASBO). The text herein does not necessarily represent the views or policies of ASBO International, and use of this imprint does not imply any endorsement or recognition by ASBO International and its officers or affiliates. Any additional re-purposing or reprint of this article in this or any other medium is restricted without prior written consent.

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Association of School Business Officials





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Reston, VA