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Newton’s Unfinished Business: Uncovering the Hidden Powers of Eleven in Pascal’s Triangle


Sir Isaac Newton once observed that the first five rows of Pascal’s Triangle, when concatenated, yield the corresponding powers of eleven. He claimed without proof that subsequent rows also generate powers of eleven. Was he correct? While not all rows can simply be concatenated, the powers of eleven can still be easily derived from each. We have uncovered an algorithm the supports Newton’s claim and will prove its validity for all rows of the Triangle.