Step down assessments are frequently used in clinical settings with the lateral step-down (LSD) and forward step-down (FSD) two common variations.
The LSD and FSD are both reliable and are commonly used for the assessment of lower extremity pathologies such as patellofemoral pain, anterior ligament reconstruction, and femoral acetabular impingement (1-7).
Step down kinematics can be influenced by reduced dorsiflexion mobility (8).
Previous studies have demonstrated altered movement quality in those with pathology during either the LSD or FSD (4,7).
However, no studies have directly compared the lower extremity movement patterns of the FSD and LSD, using either 3-dimensional (3D) joint angle analysis or 2-dimensional (2D) assessment of faulty movement patterns.
Joaquin Barrios, PT, DPT, PhD
Department of Physical Therapy
Price, Samantha Kaye; Davis, Ryne William; Hinton, Andrew Jonathan; Rowland, Jimmy Lee; Werner, David; and Barrios, Joaquin Alberto, "3D Joint Kinematic and 2D Quality of Movement Comparison Between Lateral and Forward Step Downs" (2021). Graduate Student Showcase. 5.