Additive Nanomanufacturing based on Opto-Thermo-Mechanical Nano-Printing

Date of Award


Degree Name

Ph.D. in Electro-Optics


Department of Electro-Optics


Advisor: Chenglong Zhao


In this dissertation, a step-by-step development of a novel opto-thermo-mechanical nano-printing (OTM-NP) technique has been explored. On the way of the development, we have started our journey by demonstrating laser heating-based `release-and-place' optical printing technique and investigated corresponding parameters, effect of electric field and effect of optical forces for further improvement of the printing accuracy. Finally, we have ended up with the development of novel OTM-NP technique which has the ability to print 2D and 3D structures at nanoscale accuracy. The OTM-NP technique relies on the additive transferring of nanoparticles from a donor substrate to a receiver substrate based on opto-thermo-mechanical (OTM) effect. The OTM effect occurs when an absorptive metallic or semiconductor nanoparticle on a soft substrate is illuminated by a continuous-wave focused laser beam in a gaseous environment in the presence of optical forces. The laser heats the nanoparticle and induces a rapid thermal expansion of the substrate. This thermal expansion force releases the nanoparticle from the soft substrate for nano-repairing or transfer it additively onto a receiver substrate under the guidance of optical axial and gradient forces for nano-printing. Dielectric nanoparticles can also be released from the donor substrate if the substrate itself is absorptive and soft. The exposed area of the substrate absorbs the laser light and causes the thermal expansion of the substrate, which v provides momentum to the non-absorbing nanoparticle and transfers the nanoparticle to a receiver substrate. The printing mechanism and the parameters affecting the printing accuracy of this OTM-NP have been investigated in details. In plane printing of 2D structures using different sizes of nanoparticles as well as out of plane printing with sub 100 nm accuracy have been demonstrated. This OTM-NP technique paves the way for affordable additive manufacturing and rapid prototyping of functional nanoscale devices at ambient conditions, which will find applications in nanophotonic, plasmonic, metamaterial, metasurface, ultrasensitive sensing as well as in nanoelectronics.


Engineering, Materials Science, Molecular Chemistry, Nanoscience, Nanotechnology, Optics, Particle Physics, Physics, Polymer Chemistry, Polymers, Additive Manufacturing, Additive Nanomanufacturing, Opto-Thermomechanical, 3d Printing, Nanoprinting, Nanorepairing, Laser Printing, Optical Printing, Optothermal Expansion, Optical Force

Rights Statement

Copyright © 2020, author