Restraint, Seclusion and Implementation of Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports

Date of Award


Degree Name

Ed.S. in School Psychology


School of Education and Health Sciences


Susan Davies


Restraint and Seclusion (R&S) within the school setting is a practice that cancause immense physical and emotional harm for students if done incorrectly. Manydistricts implement Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS), which help stop problem behaviors before they happen, and can minimize the need for R&S. This quantitative study examined if Ohio districts utilizing PBIS showed a significant difference in the frequencies of R&S reported over the course of a school year. Participants included all of the 23 school districts in Ohio's Montgomery and Greene counties. Data collected included 1) the frequencies of R&S the district reported for the2016-2017 school year, 2) if the district was implementing a PBIS program adhering toOhio's Revised Code, and 3) what specific components of PBIS each district was implementing. Analysis of this data revealed that school districts within Montgomery and Greene counties who were not implementing PBIS reported significantly fewer frequencies of R&S during the 2016-2017 school year than school districts implementing PBIS. This unexpected finding is not consistent with the current research surrounding R&S and PBIS. Implications for this finding, as well as possible rational are discussed in this thesis.


Counseling Psychology, Counseling Education, Educational Psychology, Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, PBIS, Restraint and Seclusion, School Psychology, Quantitative Study, Ohio

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