Stereotypes of a Black [Student] Misunderstood

Date of Award


Degree Name

Ed.D. in Leadership for Organizations


Department of Educational Administration


James Olive


Various research studies illustrate that Black students are targeted disproportionately when it comes to discipline in the public-school system. The focus of this research included determining the root causes of and providing solutions for the disproportionality of discipline referrals between Black and White students at Rocky Run Middle School (RRMS), a pseudonym for a middle school in rural Georgia. An action research design was used along with a phenomenological approach to identify perceived root causes of racial discipline disparities at RRMS and to provide potential solutions to the administrative team. Semi-structured interviews and a student focus group were conducted. Based on a Critical Participatory Action Research (CPAR) design, each participant provided feedback for the final action research plan. Study findings, a brief outline of the action plan, and the logic model informing the action plan are provided in the second section of the study. A detailed action plan is provided in the final section of the study.


Education, African Americans, Black Studies, Department of Educational Administration, Middle School Education, School-to-Prison Pipeline, Cultural Competency, De-escalation Training, Implicit Bias, School Discipline

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