Analysis of brick veneer on concrete masonry wall subjected to in-plane loads

Date of Award


Degree Name

M.S. in Civil Engineering


Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Engineering Mechanics


Advisor: Elias Anis Toubia


Brick veneers are commonplace in modern building construction. Current building codes require veneers to be anchored to a structural backing in order to transfer out-of-plane loads. However, for in-plane loads the code assigns brick veneers as nonparticipating elements. This study utilizes a modified analytical method to examine the in-plane coupling between brick veneers and concrete masonry shear walls. The amount of load transferred through wall ties depends on factors such as tie spacing, tie stiffness, reinforcement, etc. Results indicate that some degrees of composite action exist; around 12 % to 37 % of the applied shear load is transferred to the brick veneer. Veneers should be isolated in their own plane from the seismic-force-resisting system. An optimum location of the isolation joint is proposed to minimize rocking behavior and limit design story drift.


Masonry veneers Testing, Concrete walls, Load factor design, Shear (Mechanics), Civil Engineering, Engineering, brick veneer, concrete masonry, shear wall, in-plane load, seismic, wall ties, flashing

Rights Statement

Copyright 2014, author