Glycemic Index of a Meal Fed Before Exercise Alters Substrate Use and Glucose Flux in Exercising Horses
Journal of Applied Physiology
In a randomized, balanced, crossover study each of six fit, adult horses ran on a treadmill at 50% of maximal rate of oxygen consumption for 60 min after being denied access to food for 18 h and then 1) fed corn (51.4 kJ/kg digestible energy), or 2) fed an isocaloric amount of alfalfa 2–3 h before exercise, or 3) not fed before exercise. Feeding corn, compared with fasting, resulted in higher plasma glucose and serum insulin and lower serum nonesterified fatty acid concentrations before exercise (P < 0.05) and in lower plasma glucose, serum glycerol, and serum nonesterified fatty acid concentrations and higher skeletal muscle utilization of blood-borne glucose during exercise (P < 0.05). Feeding corn, compared with feeding alfalfa, resulted in higher carbohydrate oxidation and lower lipid oxidation during exercise (P < 0.05). Feeding a soluble carbohydrate-rich meal (corn) to horses before exercise results in increased muscle utilization of blood-borne glucose and carbohydrate oxidation and in decreased lipid oxidation compared with a meal of insoluble carbohydrate (alfalfa) or not feeding. Carbohydrate feedings did not produce a sparing of muscle glycogen compared with fasting.
Copyright © 2002, American Physiological Society
American Physiological Society
Jose-Cunilleras, Eduard; Hinchcliff, Kenneth W.; Sams, Richard A.; Devor, Steven T.; and Linderman, Jon K., "Glycemic Index of a Meal Fed Before Exercise Alters Substrate Use and Glucose Flux in Exercising Horses" (2002). Health and Sport Science Faculty Publications. 81.