South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies
This essay contextualises the emergence of a document regime which regulated routine travel through the deployment of the India–Pakistan Passport and Visa Scheme in 1952. It suggests that such travel documents were useful for the new Indian state to delineate citizenship and the nationality of migrants and individual travellers from Pakistan. The bureaucratic and legal mediations under the Scheme helped the Indian state to frame itself before its new citizens as the sole certifier of some of their rights as Indians. In contrast, applicants for these documents viewed them as utilitarian, meant to facilitate their travel across the new borders. The contrast and contestation between such different perceptions helps us to understand the continued significance of documentary identities in contemporary India.
Copyright © 2016, Taylor & Francis
Taylor & Francis
Roy, Haimanti, "Paper Rights: The Emergence of Documentary Identities in Post-Colonial India, 1950–67" (2016). History Faculty Publications. 129.