cleveland.com and The Plain Dealer
Three years ago, at the Russia-Africa Summit in Sochi, Russian President Vladimir Putin promised African leaders that Russo-African relations would be based on respect of territorial and national sovereignty. After the summit, both sides signed military and other agreements, something that would be beneficial to Russia in the future.
A case in point has been Africa’s response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
Ukraine War, Russia-Ukraine Relations, Africa
Amin, Julius A., "Africa’s Tepid Response to Ukraine War Highlights Shortcomings of U.S. Diplomacy" (2022). History Faculty Publications. 155.