Miracles: An Encyclopedia of People, Places, and Supernatural Events from Antiquity to the Present
The Brothers of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, a Roman Catholic religious order commonly called the Carmelites, began in the early 1200s as a collection of hermits gathered together in a semi-monastic lifestyle on Mount Carmel in present-day Israel. They requested a rule of life from Saint Albert, the Latin-rite patriarch of Jerusalem, not long before his death in 1214. This original Carmelite foundation was under the patronage of Mary from the beginning. However, after the purported apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary to Saint Simon Stock in the 1250s, in which she told him that those who died wearing the scapular (q.v.) of the Carmelite Order worthily would not suffer eternal fire, the Carmelites began to stress Marian devotion as a defining characteristic of their order and identity.
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Jason Paul Bourgeois (2016).
Our Lady of Mount Carmel. Miracles: An Encyclopedia of People, Places, and Supernatural Events from Antiquity to the Present.