Title

Forced Oscillations of a Class of Nonlinear Dispersive Wave Equations and their Stability

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-2007

Publication Source

Journal of Systems Science and Complexity

Abstract

It has been observed in laboratory experiments that when nonlinear dispersive waves are forced periodically from one end of undisturbed stretch of the medium of propagation, the signal eventually becomes temporally periodic at each spatial point. The observation has been confirmed mathematically in the context of the damped Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation and the damped Benjamin-Bona-Mahony (BBM) equation. In this paper we intend to show the same results hold for the pure KdV equation (without the damping terms) posed on a finite domain. Consideration is given to the initial-boundary-value problem *

{ut+ux=uux+u(0,t)=h(t),uxxx=0,u(x,0)=ϕ(x),u(1,t)=0,ux(1,t)=0,00,t>0.

It is shown that if the boundary forcing h is periodic with small ampitude, then the small amplitude solution u of (*) becomes eventually time-periodic. Viewing (*) (without the initial condition) as an infinite-dimensional dynamical system in the Hilbert space L 2 (0,1), we also demonstrate that for a given periodic boundary forcing with small amplitude, the system (*) admits a (locally) unique limit cycle, or forced oscillation, which is locally exponentially stable. A list of open problems are included for the interested readers to conduct further investigations.

Inclusive pages

284-292

ISBN/ISSN

1009-6124

Publisher

Springer

Volume

20

Issue

2

Volume

20

Issue

2

Peer Reviewed

yes

Keywords

Forced oscillation; stability; the BBM equation; the KdV equation; time-periodic solution


Share

COinS