Journal of Happiness Studies
The present study examined how the Growth Motivation Index (GMI; J. J. Bauer et al., 2015) related to well-being and identity exploration in samples from the U.S., Japan, Guatemala, and India. The GMI has two facets. GMI-reflective measures the motive to cultivate critical self-reflection and intellectual development, whereas GMI-experiential measures the motive to cultivate personally meaningful activities and relationships. We expected and found that, when comparing the two GMI facets simultaneously, GMI-reflective predicted well-being in countries ranked as having collectivist but not individualist cultures, whereas GMI-experiential predicted well-being in countries ranked as having individualist but not collectivist cultures. GMI-reflective predicted identity exploration across cultures. Implications for growth motivation and culture are discussed.
Copyright © 2019, Springer Nature
Growth motivation, well-being, eudaimonic growth, cross-cultural, identity exploration
Bauer, Jack J.; Park, Sun W.; Kamide, Hiroko; Pesola, Nicholas; Kamble, Shanmukh V.; Graham, Laura E.; DeBrosse, Joseph; and Waddar, Mahadevi S., "Growth Motivation and Well-Being in the U.S., Japan, Guatemala, and India" (2019). Psychology Faculty Publications. 32.