Journal of Happiness Studies
The present study examined how the Growth Motivation Index (GMI; J. J. Bauer et al., 2015) related to well-being and identity exploration in samples from the U.S., Japan, Guatemala, and India. The GMI has two facets. GMI-reflective measures the motive to cultivate critical self-reflection and intellectual development, whereas GMI-experiential measures the motive to cultivate personally meaningful activities and relationships. We expected and found that, when comparing the two GMI facets simultaneously, GMI-reflective predicted well-being in countries ranked as having collectivist but not individualist cultures, whereas GMI-experiential predicted well-being in countries ranked as having individualist but not collectivist cultures. GMI-reflective predicted identity exploration across cultures. Implications for growth motivation and culture are discussed.
Copyright © 2019, Springer Nature
Growth motivation, well-being, eudaimonic growth, cross-cultural, identity exploration
Bauer, Jack J.; Park, Sun W.; Kamide, Hiroko; Pesola, Nicholas; Kamble, Shanmukh V.; Graham, Laura E.; DeBrosse, Joseph; and Waddar, Mahadevi S., "Growth Motivation and Well-Being in the U.S., Japan, Guatemala, and India" (2019). Psychology Faculty Publications. 32.
The document available for download following the publisher's required embargo is the authors' accepted manuscript, provided in compliance with the publisher's policy on self-archiving. To read the version of record, use the DOI provided: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-019-00099-6Permission documentation is on file.