The individual self comprise unique attributes, the relational self comprises partner-shared attributes, and the collective self comprises ingroup-shared attributes. All selves are fundamental components of the self-concept, with each being important and meaningful to human experience and with each being associated with health benefits. Are the selves, however, equally important and meaningful? We review a program of research that tested four competing theoretical views suggesting that the motivational hub of human experience is (a) the individual self, (b) the relational self, (b) the collective self, or (c) determined by contextual or cultural factors. The research furnished support to the view that the individual self is the primary form of self-definition. We discuss alternative explanations and implications. We end with the introduction of a theoretical model, the boomerang model, that has the potential to integrate the diverse literature on the topic.
Self, Individual self, Relational self, Collective self, Feedback
Sedikides, Constantine; Gaertner, Lowell; and O'Mara, Erin M., "Individual Self, Relational Self, Collective Self: Hierarchical Ordering of the Tripartite Self" (2011). Psychology Faculty Publications. 41.