Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology
People who judge their relationships as more supportive enjoy better mental health than people who judge their relationships more negatively. We investigated how people made these judgments; specifically, how people weighed different types of information about targets under three different conditions: when judgments reflected the personality of perceivers, the objective characteristics of targets, and the unique relationships between perceivers and targets. Participants (i.e., perceivers) judged the same four videotaped targets on personality, similarity to perceivers and likely supportiveness. As in previous research, perceivers based their judgments on perceived target similarity to perceivers, and on target personality. However, how perceivers weighed personality and similarity information varied dramatically depending upon whether the judgment reflected the personality of perceivers, the objective characteristics of targets, or the relationship between perceivers and targets. Implications for understanding how people make support judgments were discussed.
Copyright © 2014 The Guilford Press.
Lakey, Brian; Lutz, Catherine; and Scoboria, Alan, "The Information Used to Judge Supportiveness Depends on Whether the Judgment Reflects the Personality of Perceivers, Objective Characteristics of Targets or Their Unique Relationships" (2004). Psychology Faculty Publications. 5.