Commentaries on the Exhibit’s Works




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A brief commentary prepared by Bobbi Sutherland, PhD, Assistant Professor, History, on the following work:

Octoginta volumina (The Hippocratic Corpus)
Rome, 1525; first edition of the first complete Latin edition


Hippocrates is rightfully called “the father of medicine.” Born around 460 BC into a world where illness was viewed as supernatural rather than natural, he instead approached medicine in the same way scholars approached philosophy and history: He put it on a rational footing. Hippocrates argued that diseases had natural, material causes; that the body and its ailments must be understood holistically; and that the doctor must treat the patient rather than the illness.This Octoginta volumina is a first-edition printing of Hippocrates’s work translated from Greek into Latin by Marcus Fabius Calvus; work by editors and translators such as Calvus contributed to a “rediscovering” of great works of antiquity, and the invention of the printing press brought about their wider dissemination.

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Bobbi Sutherland, assistant professor of history, explains Hippocrates’s four humors and the contemporary use of Hippocratic ideas in our everyday understandings of food, medicine, and health.

Hippocrates: ‘Octoginta volumina’ (‘The Hippocratic Corpus’)


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