The Effectiveness of a Personalized Peer Physical Education Program on the Health Related Physical Fitness, Diet, and Attitudes Toward  Exercise/Diet of Selected College Students: Year VI

Title

The Effectiveness of a Personalized Peer Physical Education Program on the Health Related Physical Fitness, Diet, and Attitudes Toward Exercise/Diet of Selected College Students: Year VI

Authors

Presenter(s)

Kayla N Ayers, Harmeet S Bhatti, Regina L Brandewie, Jenna L Burdette, Jillian J Clark, Kathryn I Clarke, Madeline Marie Connaughton, Grace A Corrigan, George M DeMarco, Christine M Diluia, Anne M Dixon, Anna Catherine Flahive, Claire E Herdina, Devyn Shea Hickman, Tara Rose Kennedy, Meghan Cassady Nolan, Megan Marie O'Hara, Kristen M Perri, Jessica K Piechota, Emilie L Pollauf, Kathryn G Pudoka, Celsey L Royer, Sean A Scanlon, Sarah M Schockling, Shelby E Searcy, Ryan Thomas Smerke, Sierra N Speck, Megan M Stasiak, Ellison N Wenzinger

Files

Description

The purpose of this major course research project is to determine the effectiveness of a Personalized Peer Physical Education Program (PPPEP) on the cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength/endurance, flexibility, body composition (i.e., components of health related physical fitness, HRPF) diet, and attitudes toward exercise/diet of selected college age students (N=26). In the spirit of pioneering exercise physiologist and researcher T.K. Cureton, who believed that the “true laboratories in physical education [were] the pools, playfields, and gymnasiums . . . “, this study will be field based and conducted primarily at the University of Dayton RecPlex. During the 2017 spring semester, students in one section of an undergraduate research methods course offered in the university’s Department of Health and Sport science will exercise w/peers during ten (10) separate sessions. Team members will participate in five (5) sessions conducted during class time and five (5) sessions conducted outside of class. Two (2) additional sessions will be allocated for pre- and post-testing. All in exercise and testing sessions will be conducted at the University’s recreation fitness center RecPlex. Students will be divided into 5 separate research-fitness teams assigned to one of two (2) conferences utilizing different types of specialized exercises focusing on (a) muscular strength-endurance, (b) cardiovascular endurance, and (c) flexibility. Each team will design exercise programs according to protocol assigned to their conference inclusive of free weight, body-weight training, Dynaband Resistance Training, plyometrics, free play, medicine ball-martial arts training exercises, running/walking, aerobic dance, slow sustained static stretching, and Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF). A quasi-experimental mixed-method research design (Ridenour & Newman, 2008) will be utilized. Quantitative measures will include estimates of percent body fat, the President's Challenge Adult Physical Fitness Test (PCPFN, 2016) and Borg Critical Rating (CR10, Borg, 1998). SuperTracker at ChooseMyPlate.gov (USDA, 2017) will be utilized to monitor students' caloric intake throughout the study. Descriptive and inferential statistics will be calculated via the use of SPSS v23. Directional and non-directional hypotheses will be tested at the .05 level of significance. Sources of qualitative data will include (a)interviews/questionnaires focusing on students' personal-family exercise-medical history and (b) fitness journals-nutritional logs. Qualitative data will be subject to content analysis via the theoretical/analytical framework of Symbolic Interactionism (Blumer, 1969). As/if revealed, emergent common perspectives, themes, and categories will be developed into Grounded Theory (Glaser & Strauss, 1967) describing students' health/exercise histories vis-a’-vis attitudes toward exercise and diet. Case histories will be constructed and all measures of pre- and posttest data will be compared to determine the effectiveness of the PPPEP on students' HRPF, diet, and attitudes toward exercise. It is (a) hypothesized that all quantitative measures of students’ HRPF and diet will improve as a result of participation in the PPPEP and, (b) theorized that students’ health/exercise histories/journal entries will reveal positive attitudes toward exercise in general and the PPPEP in specific.

Publication Date

4-5-2017

Project Designation

Course Project - Graduate

Primary Advisor

George M DeMarco

Primary Advisor's Department

Health and Sport Science

Keywords

Stander Symposium poster

The Effectiveness of a Personalized Peer Physical Education Program on the Health Related Physical Fitness, Diet, and Attitudes Toward  Exercise/Diet of Selected College Students: Year VI

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