Taylor Morgan Balk, Mark D Bugada, Caroline A Lynch, Olivia Marie Stanforth


This poster reflects research conducted as part of a course project designed to give students experience in the research process.



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Low health literacy is a huge obstacle in communicating medical conditions and information to patients. An additional obstacle is created when physicians are communicating with international patients whose primary language is not English. The purpose of this project was to present written information on concussions to international students in the Level 2 Intensive English Program (IEP) at the University of Dayton in a format that they could read comfortably. For our methods, we went into the IEP classroom to assess the students’ knowledge of concussions. We then used the information the students provided along with an original fact sheet produced by the Center for Disease Control to create a brochure that would help the IEP students better understand concussions. We altered the original document’s wording, format, and content in order to display the information to the students so that they could better understand the material. Our document focused specifically on what a concussion is, its symptoms, and recovery tips. This final brochure corresponded with the IEP students’ reading level and allowed them to comprehend the information more clearly.

Publication Date


Project Designation

Course Project

Primary Advisor

Ann E. Biswas

Primary Advisor's Department



Stander Symposium project

Creating a More Effective Explanation of Concussions for Intensive English Program Students