A Survey of Tundra Lake Size Changes During Around 40-year Time Interval Observed in Historical Maps and Satellite Images

Title

A Survey of Tundra Lake Size Changes During Around 40-year Time Interval Observed in Historical Maps and Satellite Images

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Description

Greenhouse gas emissions from tundra lakes are a significant positive feedback to the atmosphere in a changing climate as a pronounced growth of the numbers of tundra lake patterns has been observed in the Arctic region. Detailed knowledge of changes in tundra lakes size is potentially valuable in order to understand and accurately model the sources of greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore, we are using historical maps and satellite images with time interval around 40-year to show a study of tundra lake size changes. We have developed a novel algorithm framework that is employing three main processing stages: lake detection, lake segmentation, and lake size computation. In the first stage of the framework, there are two different approaches, one is for detecting the lakes on historical maps that is a color-based segmentation technique, and another one is for detecting the lakes from satellite images which is a decision-making model based on support vector machine classifier (SVM). The second stage of the algorithm is a region growing approach that is applied for the detected lakes from both historical maps and satellite images, to segment the actual lake size. The last stage is calculation the lake size which is applied for the final segmented lakes from both historical maps and satellite images. It is based on connected component analysis strategy, which calculates the lake size in terms of number of pixels. Experiments performed on changes in lake size over time in a set of lakes that were visually matched in both the historical map and the satellite imagery demonstrate that some lakes in our study region have increased in size over time, whereas others have decreased in size over time. Lake size change during this time interval can be up to half the size of the lake as recorded in the historical map.

Publication Date

4-18-2018

Project Designation

Graduate Research

Primary Advisor

Vijayan K Asari, Almabrok Essa Essa, Ivan A Sudakov

Primary Advisor's Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Keywords

Stander Symposium poster

Comments

Presenter: Ming Gong

A Survey of Tundra Lake Size Changes During Around 40-year Time Interval Observed in Historical Maps and Satellite Images

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