Pat William Dwyer



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Every year there are 300,000 – 3.8 million concussions sustained in the United States. Due to the prevalence of this injury and an increased understanding of it that has developed over the past decade, concussions have become a topic of much concern and conversation. Previous research has shown that factors such as having children, socioeconomic status, a person’s own concussion history, and amount of time available for education, among many others can influence attitudes and knowledge about concussion. The current study sought out to understand the influence of the sex an individual and college education on multiple concussion-related attitudes. We developed a survey to assess the attitudes of college students on a range of topics surrounding concussions. 200 students at the University of Dayton were surveyed, and from our pre-test data we found significant differences in attitudes on a few questions between sexes. Males were more likely to report a higher opinion of the way professional sports leagues have handled the concussions in general. Also, males were more likely to report that they felt the monetary benefits to playing sports outweighed the risks associated with sustaining a concussion. Finally, females felt more strongly that there should be laws created and enforced in relation to concussion management for youth sports. Our results indicate that sex differences emerge in various areas of concussion-related attitudes.

Publication Date


Project Designation

Independent Research

Primary Advisor

Joshua M. Ricker

Primary Advisor's Department



Stander Symposium project

Sex Differences in Concussion-Related Attitudes Among College Students