Eduardo J Rive Lockwood



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Recently, there has been a growing interest in the boron dipyrromethene (BODIPY, 4,4′- difluoro-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene) compounds. BODIPY compounds have fascinating properties that allow for the absorption and emission of light in the near-infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum. These molecules are highly modifiable making them ideal chemicals for the use of photoelectric energy conversion such as for commercial use in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). It has been previously shown that different meso compounds have only a slight effect on the absorptive capabilities of these BODIPY compounds. We believe that the BODIPY compounds’ lack of planarity is one of the major obstacles in more efficient absorption in the NIR and IR regions. Because of this, we are focusing on modifying recently synthesized BODIPY compounds in an attempt to align their meso group with the rest of the compound’s framework. Synthesis of various BODIPY compounds was attempted in order to perform the ring fusion reaction between the meso group and the body of the compound. Computational analysis on several BODIPY compounds was performed on these in addition to other compounds from the literature.

Publication Date


Project Designation

Honors Thesis

Primary Advisor

Jeremy M. Erb

Primary Advisor's Department



Stander Symposium project

Analysis and Synthesis of Ring-Fused Boron Dipyrromethenes