Julia Margaret Dozeman, Danielle Denise Greer, Kevin Patrick Reider, Jacob Nicholas Stanek


This poster reflects research conducted as part of a course project designed to give students experience in the research process.



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This research is aimed to discover how different running environments affect running performance and perceived exertion rates. The purpose of this research is to evaluate in what running environment college-aged individuals perform best, based off of time. Research will be conducted at the University of Dayton RecPlex and an outdoor trail near campus. The participants of this study is non-athlete male and female subjects, aged 18-23 years old. While each participant is completing the three one-mile runs, rating of perceived exertion (RPE), heart rate, and time will be recorded. Specifically, the Borg RPE Scale will be utilized to attain subjects’ RPE, and an Apple Watch will be utilized to attain subjects’ heart rate prior to and immediately after each run. Achieving a certain percentage of an individual's age predicted maximum heart rate is a valid indicator of work exertion. While data collection is not yet fully complete, we are anticipating that, on average, participants will report the lowest RPEs during the outdoor trail run and the highest RPEs while on the treadmill. Although we are expecting to see similar trends in RPEs, we are anticipating that the females, on average, will display longer times recorded for each timed run than the average male times. The environment with the shortest average time, however, is expected to correlate to the environment with the highest RPE rating and highest heart rate. College students will benefit from this research. With busy schedules, college students should know what running environment supports better performance.

Publication Date


Project Designation

Course Project

Primary Advisor

Haozhou Pu

Primary Advisor's Department

Health and Sport Science


Stander Symposium project

The Effect of Environment on Running Performance and Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE)