Poverty and Education
Poverty affects at-risk students’ academic opportunity through its effects on academic achievement, motivation, development, and education quality. Impoverished at-risk students’ academic achievement is affected by their inability to acquire basic needs. This can be shown by these students’ graduation rates, math scores, and retention rates. There is evidence of poverty having a negative effect on graduation rates, retention rates, and test scores. These students’ can appear less motivated or less engaged in the classroom potentially due to their focus on higher priorities. How could you expect a student to worry about a math test when they do not know how they are getting dinner that night? Since these students are unable to acquire their basic needs, they can also encounter developmental problems. These developmental issues refer to social, emotional, and cognitive development as well as can lead to malnutrition and preterm birth. These developmental setbacks hinder these students’ ability to further develop in school. Another obstacle impoverished students can face is poor education quality. Oftentimes, inexperienced or ineffective educators are assigned to schools with higher impoverished student populations. This unfortunate fact, as well as underfunded districts, and the lack of basic school supplies, further disadvantage impoverished at-risk students. Impoverished at-risk students are put at a disadvantage through poverty’s effects on academic achievement, motivation, retention, development, and education quality.
Jennifer T Christman, Susan M Ferguson
Primary Advisor's Department
Stander Symposium poster
"Poverty and Education" (2019). Stander Symposium Posters. 1566.