Christopher Patrick Courtney



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In recent years, Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is becoming more normalized especially as medication for it appears in commercials and other media on a regular basis. Psychotic symptoms, an often-misunderstood specifier for this disorder, are occurring more frequently while being discussed less often. These symptoms can manifest in many ways, including but not exclusive to paranoid delusions as well as auditory or visual hallucinations, and can be congruent or incongruent to the client’s mood. While at the current moment, medication is viewed as the primary treatment, other forms of psychosis-specific treatment are emerging and need to be studied more intently (e.g. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy). Existing research on the developmental path of MDD with psychotic features is not sufficient to inform these integrative treatment modalities. This poster presents the current literature on MDD and highlights areas for future study.

Publication Date


Project Designation

Graduate Research

Primary Advisor

Meredith L. T. Montgomery

Primary Advisor's Department

Counselor Education


Stander Symposium project, School of Education and Health Sciences

A Call for Research on the Development of MDD with Psychotic Features